Paindéim Cóivid-19

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Scaipeadh na phaindéim Cóivid-19 idir na blianta 2019 go 2020, a thosaigh in Wuhan na Síne.

Is paindéim leanúnach de ghalar coróinvíreas 2019 (COVID-19) é Paindéim Cóivid-19. Sainaithníodh den chéad uair í i mí na Nollag 2019 in Wuhan, príomhchathair chúige Hubei na Síne. D’fhógair an Eagraíocht Dhomhanda Sláinte (EDS) ráig éigeandála idirnáisiúnta sláinte poiblí ar an imní idirnáisiúnta an 30 Eanáir 2020 agus d’aithin sí í mar phaindéim an 11 Márta 2020.[1][2][3] Amhail an 21 Meitheamh 2020, tuairiscíodh níos mó ná 8.9 mhilliún[4] cás ar fud 188 tír agus críoch,[5] agus fuair níos mó ná 464,000 bás dá bharr. Tá níos mó ná 4.37 mhilliún duine tar éis biseach a fháil[6] cé nach bhfuil cinnteacht ann faoi sheans athiompaithe ar an ngalar nó faoi ionfhabhtú an athuair.

I measc na n-airíonna coitianta tá fiabhras, casacht agus giorra anála.[7] I measc na n-airíonna eile tá tuirse, pian sna matáin, buinneach, scornach tinn, cailliúint boladh, agus pian bhoilg.[8][9][10] Scaiptear an víreas go príomha idir daoine le linn dlúth-theagmhála,[11][12] go minic trí bhraoiníní beaga a tháirgtear trí chasacht,[13] ag sraothartach nó ag caint.[14][15][16] Cé go dtáirgtear na braoiníní seo agus iad ag anáil amach, is gnách go dtiteann siad go talamh nó ar dhromchlaí. D’fhéadfadh daoine a bheith ionfhabhtaithe freisin trí dhul i dteagmháil le dromchla éillithe agus ansin a n-aghaidh.[17][18] Is féidir leis an víreas maireachtáil ar dhromchlaí ar feadh suas le 72 uair an chloig.[19] I measc na mbeart a mholtar chun ionfhabhtú a chosc tá níochán láimhe go minic, fad fisiceach a choinneáil ó dhaoine eile (go háirithe uathu siúd a bhfuil comharthaí orthu), casacht agus sraothartach a chlúdach le fíochán nó uillinn inmheánach, agus lámha gan scaoileadh a choinneáil ar shiúl ón duine.[20][21] Faoi láthair, níl aon vacsaín ná cóireáil shonrach frithvíreas ann do COVID-19.[22]

Mar thoradh ar an bpaindéim tá cur isteach mór socheacnamaíoch domhanda,[23] imeachtaí spóirt, reiligiúnacha, polaitiúla agus cultúrtha a chur siar nó a chealú,[24] agus ganntanas forleathan soláthairtí níos measa ag ceannach scaoll.[25][26] Dúnadh scoileanna, ollscoileanna agus coláistí ar bhonn náisiúnta nó áitiúil i 197 tír, ag dul i bhfeidhm ar thart ar 99.9 faoin gcéad de dhaonra mac léinn an domhain.[27] Tá mífhaisnéis faoin víreas scaipthe ar líne,[28][29] agus tharla eachtraí de sheineafóibe agus idirdhealú i gcoinne mhuintir na Síne agus i gcoinne iad siúd a fheictear a bheith Síneach nó gur as ceantair a bhfuil rátaí arda ionfhabhtaithe iad.[30][31][32][33]

Comharthaí COVID-19
Daoine a bhfuil an coróinvíreas orthu san ospidéal in Teheran san Iaráin
Tascfhórsa na hIodáile i mbun oibre i gcoinne ráig an choróinvíris sa tír úd
Ag díghalrú na sráideanna sa Téaváin
Scrúdú sláinte ag Aerfort Linate, Milano na hIodáile
Seilfeanna folmha nach mór san Astráil
Ionfhabhtaíodh a lán daoine le Cóivid-19 ar bord longa crúsála, breis is 700 duine ar an Diamond Princess (sa ghrianghraf)

Paindéim choróinvíreas COVID-19 de réir tíre agus críche[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

Tír Cásanna Básanna Téarnamh
An Domhan 30,071,314 944,887 20,432,852
Flag of the U.S..svg Stáit Aontaithe Mheiriceá 6,767,453 200,643 3,657,504
Flag of India.svg An India 5,118,253 83,198 4,025,079
Flag of Brazil.svg An Bhrasaíl 4,455,386 134,935 3,753,082
Flag of Russia.svg An Rúis 1,081,281 19,061 895,868
Flag of Peru.svg Peiriú 750,098 31,146 594,513
Flag of Colombia.svg An Cholóim 743,945 23,665 615,457
Flag of Mexico.svg Meicsiceo 684,113 72,179 488,416
Flag of South Africa.svg An Afraic Theas 655,572 15,772 585,303
Flag of Spain.svg An Spáinn 625,651 30,405 150,376
Flag of Argentina.svg An Airgintín 589,999 12,116 448,258
Flag of Chile.svg An tSile 441,150 12,142 413,928
Flag of France.svg An Fhrainc 415,481 31,095 90,840
Flag of Iran.svg An Iaráin 413,149 23,808 353,848
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg An Ríocht Aontaithe 381,614 41,705 -
Flag of Bangladesh.svg An Bhanglaidéis 331,078 4,593 230,084
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg An Araib Shádach 323,012 4,165 298,966
Flag of Pakistan.svg An Phacastáin 299,855 6,365 287,950
Flag of Turkey.svg An Tuirc 284,943 6,837 254,188
Flag of Italy.svg An Iodáil 281,583 35,577 211,272
Flag of Iraq.svg An Iaráic 273,821 7,732 209,993
Flag of Germany.svg An Ghearmáin 255,494 9,408 222,899
Flag of the Philippines.svg Na hOileáin Fhilipíneacha 245,143 3,986 185,543
Flag of Indonesia.svg An Indinéis 203,342 8,336 145,200
Flag of Ukraine.svg An Úcráin 145,612 3,023 65,877
Flag of Israel.svg Iosrael 138,719 1,040 107,600
Flag of Canada.svg Ceanada 107,346 8,773 71,266
Flag of Bolivia.svg An Bholaiv 95,071 3,827 32,830
Flag of Singapore.svg Singeapór 55,497 27 50,736
Flag of Qatar.svg Catar 122,449 208 119,400
Flag of Ecuador.svg Eacuadór 121,525 10,996 97,063
Flag of Romania.svg An Rómáin 107,011 4,285 43,244
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg An Chasacstáin 106,984 1,671 101,267
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg An Phoblacht Dhoiminiceach 105,521 2,009 78,891
Flag of Panama.svg Panama 103,466 2,198 76,787
Flag of Egypt.svg An Éigipt 101,340 5,679 85,745
Flag of Kuwait.svg Cuáit 96,999 571 87,187
Flag of Belgium.svg An Bheilg 94,795 9,930 19,393
Flag of Morocco.svg Maracó 92,016 1,686 72,968
Flag of Oman.svg Óman 90,660 797 84,113
Flag of Sweden.svg An tSualainn 87,575 5,860 -
Flag of the Netherlands.svg An Ísiltír 86,320 6,260 -
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg An tSín (mórthír) 85,223 4,634 80,448
Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatamala 82,684 2,984 71,983
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg Aontas na nÉimíríochtaí Arabacha 81,782 402 71,456
Flag of Japan.svg An tSeapáin 76,448 1,461 68,532
Flag of Poland.svg An Pholainn 75,734 2,237 62,110
Flag of Belarus.svg An Bhealarúis 74,763 767 72,810
Flag of Honduras (2008 Olympics).svg Hondúras 68,620 2,087 26,665
Flag of Ethiopia.svg An Aetóip 66,224 1,045 26,665
Flag of Portugal.svg An Phortaingéil 65,626 1,878 44,328
Flag of Venezuela.svg Veiniséala 62,655 502 50,361
Flag of Bahrain.svg Bairéin 61,643 215 54,831
Flag of Nepal.svg Neipeal 58,327 379 41,706
Flag of Costa Rica.svg Cósta Ríce 58,137 633 21,536
Flag of Nigeria.svg An Nigéir 56,388 1,083 44,337
Flag of Algeria.svg An Ailgéir 48,496 1,620 34,204
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg An Úisbéiceastáin 47,836 396 44,375
Flag of Switzerland.svg An Eilvéis 47,436 1,747 39,300
Flag of Armenia.svg An Airméin 45,969 919 41,693
Flag of Ghana.svg Gána 45,434 286 44,342
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg An Chirgeastáin 44,928 1,063 41,023
Flag of Moldova.svg An Mholdóiv 43,207 1,130 31,828
Flag of Afghanistan.svg An Afganastáin 38,772 1,425 32,073
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg An Asarbaiseáin 38,403 564 35,860
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg An tSeic 37,222 465 22,129
Flag of Kenya.svg An Chéinia 36,157 622 23,067
Flag of Austria.svg An Ostair 33,541 757 27,010
Flag of Serbia.svg An tSeirbia 32,408 733 -
Flag of Palestine.svg An Phalaistín 31,362 226 21,406
Flag of Ireland.svg Éire (na 26 Chontae) 31,192 1,784 24,000
Flag of Paraguay.svg Paragua 27,817 525 14,288
Flag of El Salvador.svg An tSalvadóir 27,009 788 18,924
Flag of Australia.svg An Astráil 26,692 816 23,573
Flag of Lebanon.svg An Liobáin 25,401 246 8,765
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg An Bhoisnia-Heirseagaivéin 23,635 705 16,166
Flag of Libya.svg An Libia 23,515 368 12,762
Flag of South Korea.svg An Chóiré Theas 22,285 363 18,489
Flag of Denmark.svg An Danmhairg 20,237 633 16,437
Flag of Cameroon.svg Camarún 20,009 415 18,837
Flag of Côte d'Ivoire.svg An Cósta Eabhair 19,013 120 18,112
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg Pórtó Ríce 17,977 542 1,359
Flag of Bulgaria.svg An Bhulgáir 17,918 720 12,767
Flag of North Macedonia.svg An Mhacadóin Thuaidh 15,827 652 13,315
Flag of Madagascar.svg Madagascar 15,769 211 14,368
Flag of Kosovo.svg An Chosaiv 14,692 600 11,585
Flag of Senegal.svg an tSeineagáil 14,306 297 10,563
Flag of Sudan.svg An tSúdáin 9,257 572 4,014
Flag of Norway.svg An Iorua 8,832 249 8,138
Flag of Malaysia.svg An Mhalaeisia 8,606 121 8,294
Flag of Finland.svg An Fhionlainn 7,191 328 6,600
22px Poblacht Dhaonlathach an Chongó 6,552 149 900
Flag of Haiti.svg Háítí 5,543 96 512
Flag of Guinea.svg An Ghuine 5,260 29 4,155
Flag of Gabon.svg An Ghabúin 5,209 40 2,327
Flag of Djibouti.svg Diobúití 4,643 52 4,348
Flag of Luxembourg.svg Lucsamburg 4,173 110 3,968
Flag of Hungary.svg An Ungáir 4,142 581 2,685
Flag of Mauritania.svg An Mháratáin 3,907 120 1,280
Flag of Greece.svg An Ghréig 3,343 191 1,374
Flag of Thailand.svg An Téalainn 3,162 58 3,953
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg Poblacht na hAfraice Láir 3,340 40 661
Flag of Somalia.svg An tSomáil 2,878 90 878
Flag of Croatia.svg An Chróit 2,539 107 2,150
Flag of Albania.svg An Albáin 2,402 55 1,384
Flag of Cuba.svg Cúba 2,332 86 2,201
Flag of Maldives.svg Oileáin Mhaildíve 2,283 8 1,863
Flag of Mali.svg Mailí 2,202 116 1,483
Flag of Nicaragua.svg Nicearagua 2,170 74 1,238
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Srí Lanca 2,014 11 1,619
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg An Ghuine Mheánchriosach 2,001 32 515
Flag of Estonia.svg An Eastóin 1,987 69 1,818
Flag of South Sudan.svg An tSúdáin Theas 1,942 36 224
Flag of Iceland.svg An Íoslainn 1,838 10 1,816
Flag of Lithuania.svg An Liotuáin 1,815 78 1,503
Flag of Slovakia.svg An tSlóvaic 1,664 28 1,461
Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg Guine-Bissau 1,614 22 317
Flag of Slovenia.svg An tSlóivéin 1,581 111 1,376
Flag of Zambia.svg An tSaimbia 1,557 22 1,311
Flag of Malawi.svg An Mhaláiv 1,498 16 317
Flag of Sierra Leone.svg Siarra Leon 1,427 60 943
Flag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Cong 1,200 7 1,104
Flag of Benin.svg Beinin 1,199 21 333
Flag of New Zealand.svg An Nua-Shéalainn 1,176 22 1,134
Flag of Tunisia.svg An Túinéis 1,169 50 1,029
Flag of Cape Verde.svg Rinn Verde 1,165 12 608
Flag of Jordan.svg An Iordáin 1,128 9 867
Flag of Yemen.svg Poblacht Éimin 1,128 304 42
Flag of Latvia.svg An Laitvia 1,117 30 972
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg Poblacht an Chongó 1,087 37 456
Flag of Niger.svg An Nígir 1,075 67 939
Flag of Rwanda.svg Ruanda 1,001 2 443
Flag of Cyprus.svg An Chipir 996 19 833
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg Buircíne Fasó 959 53 830
Flag of Uruguay.svg Uragua 932 27 822
Flag of Georgia.svg An tSeoirsia 926 15 791
Flag of Mozambique.svg Poblacht Mhósaimbíc 883 6 229
Flag of Uganda.svg Uganda 870 0 808
Flag of Chad.svg Sead 866 74 781
Flag of Andorra.svg Andóra 855 52 799
Flag of Eswatini.svg Ríocht eSuaitíní 795 11 380
Flag of Liberia.svg An Libéir 770 36 312
22px São Tomé agus Príncipe 713 13 235
Flag of San Marino.svg San Mairíne 698 42 656
Flag of Jamaica.svg Iamáice 696 10 552
Flag of Malta.svg Málta 670 9 639
Flag of Togo.svg Tóga 643 14 401
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg An tSiombáib 574 7 152
Flag of Somaliland.svg Críoch Shomáile 550 27 64
Flag of Suriname.svg Suranam 515 13 227
Flag of Montenegro.svg Montainéagró 501 11 315
Flag of the Republic of China.svg An Téaváin 447 7 438
Flag of Vietnam.svg Vítneam 355 0 335
Flag of France.svg La Réunion 407 0 237
Flag of Mauritius.svg Oileán Mhuirís 341 10 326
Flag of the Isle of Man.svg Oileán Mhanann 336 24 312
Flag of Jersey.svg Geirsí 319 31 301
Flag of the Comoros.svg Oileáin Chomóra 303 7 200
Flag of Myanmar.svg Maenmar 303 6 222
Flag of Syria.svg An tSiria 293 9 110
Flag of Angola.svg Angóla 291 15 97
Flag of Namibia.svg An Namaib 285 0 24
Flag of Guam.svg Guam 271 5 179
Flag of France.svg Mayotte 254 4 117
Flag of Guernsey.svg Geansaí 252 13 238
Flag of Guyana.svg An Ghuáin 248 13 116
Flag of Botswana.svg An Bhotsuáin 227 1 28
Flag of Mongolia.svg An Mhongóil 220 0 175
Flag of Eritrea.svg An Eiritré 203 0 53
Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg Oileáin Fharó 187 0 187
Flag of Gibraltar.svg Giobráltar 178 0 176
Flag of Burundi.svg An Bhurúin 170 1 115
Flag of Bermuda.svg Beirmiúda 146 9 134
Flag of Barbados.svg Barbadós 144 7 115
Flag of Brunei.svg Brúiné 142 3 138
Flag of France.svg Martinique 158 8 73
Flag of France.svg Guadalúip 145 8 67
Flag of Cambodia.svg An Chambóid 141 0 131
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Oileán na Tríonóide agus Tobága 130 8 115
Flag of Monaco.svg Monacó 117 4 104
22px Oileáin na dTurcach agus Caicos 114 2 39
Flag of Seychelles.svg Na Séiséil 114 0 39
Flag of Bhutan.svg An Bhútáin 102 0 89
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg Antigua agus Barbúda 91 3 67
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg Nua-Ghuine Phapua 91 2 34
22px An Chipir Thuaidh 108 4 104
Flag of the Bahamas.svg Na Bahámaí 104 11 77
Flag of Aruba.svg Arúba 104 3 98
Flag of France.svg Guáin na Fraince 96 3 16
Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Lichtinstéin 83 1 80
Flag of Sint Maarten.svg Sint Maarten 77 15 62
Flag of The Gambia.svg An Ghaimbia 64 3 34
Flag of France.svg Polainéis na Fraince 62 0 60
Flag of Macau.svg Macau 46 0 45
Flag of Lesotho.svg Leosóta 35 0 11
Flag of Belize.svg an Bheilís 30 2 19
Flag of Slovakia.svg An tSlóivéin 30 25 0
Flag of Georgia.svg An tSeoirsia 25 0 0
22px San Uinseann agus na Greanáidíní 26 0 14
Flag of Curaçao.svg Curaçao 25 1 23
Flag of East Timor.svg An Tíomór Thoir 25 0 24
Flag of Saint Lucia.svg San Lucia 25 0 25
Flag of Grenada.svg Greanáda 24 0 23
Flag of Laos.svg Laos 22 0 19
Flag of Dominica.svg Doiminice 18 0 18
Flag of Fiji.svg Fidsí 18 0 18
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg San Críostóir-Nimheas 17 0 17
Flag of the Falkland Islands.svg Oileáin Fháclainne 15 0 15
Flag of Greenland.svg An Ghraonlainn 14 0 14
Flag of Montserrat.svg Montsarat 13 1 12
Flag of the Vatican City.svg Cathair na Vatacáine 12 0 12
Flag of Saba.svg Saba 5 0 3
Flag of Bonaire.svg Bonaire 5 0 2
Flag of France.svg Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon 4 0 1
Flag of Anguilla.svg Anguilla 3 0 3
Flag of Sint Eustatius.svg Sint Eustatius 2 0 2
Flag of Tanzania.svg An Tansáin - - -

Féach freisin[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

Tagairtí[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

  1. https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/30-01-2020-statement-on-the-second-meeting-of-the-international-health-regulations-(2005)-emergency-committee-regarding-the-outbreak-of-novel-coronavirus-(2019-ncov)
  2. https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/coronavirus-china-live-updates/2020/02/05/114ced8a-479c-11ea-bc78-8a18f7afcee7_story.html
  3. https://www.who.int/dg/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---11-march-2020
  4. https://coronavirus.1point3acres.com/en, 27 Bealtaine 2020
  5. https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/
  6. https://gisanddata.maps.arcgis.com/apps/opsdashboard/index.html#/bda7594740fd40299423467b48e9ecf6
  7. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/symptoms-testing/symptoms.html
  8. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/symptoms-testing/symptoms.html
  9. https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses
  10. https://www.entuk.org/loss-sense-smell-marker-covid-19-infection
  11. https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses
  12. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/how-covid-spreads.html
  13. https://doi.org/10.1001%2Fjama.2020.4756
  14. https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses
  15. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/how-covid-spreads.html
  16. https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/novel-coronavirus-china/questions-answers
  17. https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses
  18. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/how-covid-spreads.html
  19. https://www.nih.gov/news-events/news-releases/new-coronavirus-stable-hours-surfaces
  20. https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public
  21. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/covid-19-guidance-on-social-distancing-and-for-vulnerable-people/guidance-on-social-distancing-for-everyone-in-the-uk-and-protecting-older-people-and-vulnerable-adults
  22. https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses
  23. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/29/opinion/sunday/corona-virus-usa.html
  24. https://www.nytimes.com/article/cancelled-events-coronavirus.html
  25. https://www.cnbc.com/2020/03/18/supply-chain-experts-foods-that-could-be-less-available-in-pandemic.html
  26. https://www.cfr.org/in-brief/coronavirus-disrupt-us-drug-supply-shortages-fda
  27. https://en.unesco.org/themes/education-emergencies/coronavirus-school-closures
  28. https://www.businessinsider.com/coronavirus-death-toll-global-gdp-loss-australian-national-university-study-2020-3
  29. http://theconversation.com/coronavirus-and-the-black-death-spread-of-misinformation-and-xenophobia-shows-we-havent-learned-from-our-past-132802
  30. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/23/us/chinese-coronavirus-racist-attacks.html
  31. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/mar/29/china-coronavirus-anti-foreigner-feeling-imported-cases
  32. https://thethaiger.com/coronavirus/thailand-increasingly-blaming-caucasians-for-coronavirus-crisis
  33. http://www.rfi.fr/en/international/20200319-foreigners-feel-the-heat-of-kenya-s-coronavirus-fears-nairobi-covid-19-xenophobia-european-mzungu