Paindéim Cóivid-19

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Scaipeadh na phaindéim Cóivid-19 idir na blianta 2019 go 2020, a thosaigh in Wuhan na Síne.

Is paindéim leanúnach de ghalar coróinvíreas 2019 (COVID-19) é Paindéim Cóivid-19. Sainaithníodh den chéad uair í i mí na Nollag 2019 in Wuhan, príomhchathair chúige Hubei na Síne. D’fhógair an Eagraíocht Dhomhanda Sláinte (EDS) ráig éigeandála idirnáisiúnta sláinte poiblí ar an imní idirnáisiúnta an 30 Eanáir 2020 agus d’aithin sí í mar phaindéim an 11 Márta 2020.[1][2][3] Amhail an 21 Meitheamh 2020, tuairiscíodh níos mó ná 8.9 mhilliún[4] cás ar fud 188 tír agus críoch,[5] agus fuair níos mó ná 464,000 bás dá bharr. Tá níos mó ná 4.37 mhilliún duine tar éis biseach a fháil[6] cé nach bhfuil cinnteacht ann faoi sheans athiompaithe ar an ngalar nó faoi ionfhabhtú an athuair.

I measc na n-airíonna coitianta tá fiabhras, casacht agus giorra anála.[7] I measc na n-airíonna eile tá tuirse, pian sna matáin, buinneach, scornach tinn, cailliúint boladh, agus pian bhoilg.[8][9][10] Scaiptear an víreas go príomha idir daoine le linn dlúth-theagmhála,[11][12] go minic trí bhraoiníní beaga a tháirgtear trí chasacht,[13] ag sraothartach nó ag caint.[14][15][16] Cé go dtáirgtear na braoiníní seo agus iad ag anáil amach, is gnách go dtiteann siad go talamh nó ar dhromchlaí. D’fhéadfadh daoine a bheith ionfhabhtaithe freisin trí dhul i dteagmháil le dromchla éillithe agus ansin a n-aghaidh.[17][18] Is féidir leis an víreas maireachtáil ar dhromchlaí ar feadh suas le 72 uair an chloig.[19] I measc na mbeart a mholtar chun ionfhabhtú a chosc tá níochán láimhe go minic, fad fisiceach a choinneáil ó dhaoine eile (go háirithe uathu siúd a bhfuil comharthaí orthu), casacht agus sraothartach a chlúdach le fíochán nó uillinn inmheánach, agus lámha gan scaoileadh a choinneáil ar shiúl ón duine.[20][21] Faoi láthair, níl aon vacsaín ná cóireáil shonrach frithvíreas ann do COVID-19.[22]

Mar thoradh ar an bpaindéim tá cur isteach mór socheacnamaíoch domhanda,[23] imeachtaí spóirt, reiligiúnacha, polaitiúla agus cultúrtha a chur siar nó a chealú,[24] agus ganntanas forleathan soláthairtí níos measa ag ceannach scaoll.[25][26] Dúnadh scoileanna, ollscoileanna agus coláistí ar bhonn náisiúnta nó áitiúil i 197 tír, ag dul i bhfeidhm ar thart ar 99.9 faoin gcéad de dhaonra mac léinn an domhain.[27] Tá mífhaisnéis faoin víreas scaipthe ar líne,[28][29] agus tharla eachtraí de sheineafóibe agus idirdhealú i gcoinne mhuintir na Síne agus i gcoinne iad siúd a fheictear a bheith Síneach nó gur as ceantair a bhfuil rátaí arda ionfhabhtaithe iad.[30][31][32][33]

Comharthaí COVID-19
Daoine a bhfuil an coróinvíreas orthu san ospidéal in Teheran san Iaráin
Tascfhórsa na hIodáile i mbun oibre i gcoinne ráig an choróinvíris sa tír úd
Ag díghalrú na sráideanna sa Téaváin
Scrúdú sláinte ag Aerfort Linate, Milano na hIodáile
Seilfeanna folmha nach mór san Astráil
Ionfhabhtaíodh a lán daoine le Cóivid-19 ar bord longa crúsála, breis is 700 duine ar an Diamond Princess (sa ghrianghraf)

Paindéim choróinvíreas COVID-19 de réir tíre agus críche[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

Tír Cásanna Básanna Téarnamh
An Domhan 17,849,853 685,071 10,553,585
Flag of the U.S..svg Stáit Aontaithe Mheiriceá 4,696,297 156,621 2,299,937
Flag of Brazil.svg An Bhrasaíl 2,708,876 93,610 1,884,051
Flag of India.svg An India 1,695,988 36,511 1,094,374
Flag of Russia.svg An Rúis 818,120 13,354 603,329
Flag of South Africa.svg An Afraic Theas 445,433 6,769 265,077
Flag of Mexico.svg Meicsiceo 390,516 43,680 251,505
Flag of Peru.svg Peiriú 384,797 18,229 267,850
Flag of Chile.svg An tSile 347,923 9,187 319,954
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg An Ríocht Aontaithe 300,111 45,459 -
Flag of Iran.svg An Iaráin 293,606 15,912 255,144
Flag of Spain.svg An Spáinn 280,610 28,436 150,376
Flag of Pakistan.svg An Phacastáin 276,286 5,892 244,833
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg An Araib Shádach 270,831 2,789 225,624
Flag of Colombia.svg An Cholóim 267,385 9,074 136,690
Flag of Italy.svg An Iodáil 246,776 35,129 199,031
Flag of Bangladesh.svg An Bhanglaidéis 232,194 3,035 130,292
Flag of Turkey.svg An Tuirc 210,965 5,323 191,883
Flag of Germany.svg An Ghearmáin 199,584 9,130 183,990
Flag of France.svg An Fhrainc 170,752 30,004 78,388
Flag of Canada.svg Ceanada 107,346 8,773 71,266
Flag of Qatar.svg Catar 103,128 146 98,934
Flag of Argentina.svg An Airgintín 94,047 1,774 38,971
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg An tSín (mórthír) 83,594 4,634 78,634
Flag of Egypt.svg An Éigipt 80,235 3,702 23,274
Flag of Sweden.svg An tSualainn 74,898 5,526 -
Flag of Indonesia.svg An Indinéis 60,695 3,036 27,568
Flag of Belgium.svg An Bheilg 60,550 9,696 16,771
Flag of Belarus.svg An Bhealarúis 59,023 351 37,923
Flag of the Netherlands.svg An Ísiltír 45,445 5,830 -
Flag of Iraq.svg An Iaráic 45,402 1,756 21,122
Flag of Kuwait.svg Cuáit 43,703 341 33,969
Flag of Singapore.svg Singeapór 42,955 26 36,299
Flag of Ukraine.svg An Úcráin 41,117 1,086 18,299
Flag of Portugal.svg An Phortaingéil 40,866 1,555 26,633
Flag of Ecuador.svg Eacuadór 36,756 3,108 3,560
Flag of Oman.svg Óman 36,034 153 19,482
Flag of the Philippines.svg Na hOileáin Fhilipíneacha 34,073 1,124 9,182
Flag of Poland.svg An Pholainn 33,395 1,429 19,218
Flag of Panama.svg Panama 26,905 575 15,270
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg An Phoblacht Dhoiminiceach 29,764 712 16,357
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg Aontas na nÉimíríochtaí Arabacha 29,485 245 15,056
Flag of Bolivia.svg An Bholaiv 28,503 913 7,338
Flag of Israel.svg Iosrael 36,266 351 18,613
Flag of Afghanistan.svg An Afganastáin 34,366 994 21,129
Flag of Switzerland.svg An Eilvéis 32,690 1,686 29,400
Flag of Bahrain.svg Bairéin 32,039 104 27,213
Flag of Romania.svg An Rómáin 31,381 1,847 21,129
Flag of Nigeria.svg An Nigéir 31,323 709 12,795
Flag of Armenia.svg An Airméin 31,392 559 19,419
Flag of Honduras (2008 Olympics).svg Hondúras 27,053 750 2,850
Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatamala 27,619 1,139 4,024
Flag of Algeria.svg An Ailgéir 26,159 1,136 17,693
Flag of Ireland.svg Éire (na 26 Chontae) 26,109 1,763 24,000
Flag of Serbia.svg An tSeirbia 24,520 551 19,438
Flag of Japan.svg An tSeapáin 24,432 985 19,366
Flag of Ghana.svg Gána 24,988 139 21,067
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg An Asarbaiseáin 24,570 313 15,640
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg An Chasacstáin 19,750 150 12,548
Flag of Austria.svg An Ostair 17,522 698 16,348
Flag of Moldova.svg An Mholdóiv 15,776 575 8,765
Flag of Denmark.svg An Danmhairg 12,675 604 11,508
Flag of South Korea.svg An Chóiré Theas 12,602 282 11,172
Flag of Cameroon.svg Camarún 12,592 313 10,100
Flag of Nepal.svg Neipeal 11,755 27 1,698
Flag of Morocco.svg Maracó 11,633 218 8,656
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg An tSeic 11,038 349 7,668
Flag of Sudan.svg An tSúdáin 9,257 572 4,014
Flag of Norway.svg An Iorua 8,832 249 8,138
Flag of Côte d'Ivoire.svg An Cósta Eabhair 8,739 64 3,587
Flag of Malaysia.svg An Mhalaeisia 8,606 121 8,294
Flag of Australia.svg An Astráil 7,593 104 6,958
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg An Úisbéiceastáin 7,427 20 5,038
Flag of Finland.svg An Fhionlainn 7,191 328 6,600
22px Poblacht Dhaonlathach an Chongó 6,552 149 900
Flag of Senegal.svg an tSeineagáil 6,354 56 4,193
Flag of North Macedonia.svg An Mhacadóin Thuaidh 5,758 268 2,206
Flag of Kenya.svg An Chéinia 5,553 137 1,905
Flag of Haiti.svg Háítí 5,543 96 512
Flag of El Salvador.svg An tSalvadóir 5,517 133 3,291
Flag of Ethiopia.svg An Aetóip 5,425 89 1,689
Flag of Guinea.svg An Ghuine 5,260 29 4,155
Flag of Gabon.svg An Ghabúin 5,209 40 2,327
Flag of Venezuela.svg Veiniséala 5,130 42 1,649
Flag of Djibouti.svg Diobúití 4,643 52 4,348
Flag of Bulgaria.svg An Bhulgáir 4,408 211 2,370
Flag of Luxembourg.svg Lucsamburg 4,173 110 3,968
Flag of Hungary.svg An Ungáir 4,142 581 2,685
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg An Bhoisnia-Heirseagaivéin 3,935 178 2,338
Flag of Mauritania.svg An Mháratáin 3,907 120 1,280
Flag of Greece.svg An Ghréig 3,343 191 1,374
Flag of Thailand.svg An Téalainn 3,162 58 3,953
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg Poblacht na hAfraice Láir 3,340 40 661
Flag of Somalia.svg An tSomáil 2,878 90 878
Flag of Costa Rica.svg Cósta Ríce 2,836 12 1,280
Flag of Croatia.svg An Chróit 2,539 107 2,150
Flag of Albania.svg An Albáin 2,402 55 1,384
Flag of Cuba.svg Cúba 2,332 86 2,201
Flag of Maldives.svg Oileáin Mhaildíve 2,283 8 1,863
Flag of Paraguay.svg Paragua 2,260 19 1,102
Flag of Mali.svg Mailí 2,202 116 1,483
Flag of Nicaragua.svg Nicearagua 2,170 74 1,238
Flag of Kosovo.svg An Chosaiv 2,169 37 1,483
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Srí Lanca 2,014 11 1,619
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg An Ghuine Mheánchriosach 2,001 32 515
Flag of Palestine.svg An Phalaistín 1,990 4 447
Flag of Estonia.svg An Eastóin 1,987 69 1,818
Flag of South Sudan.svg An tSúdáin Theas 1,942 36 224
Flag of Madagascar.svg Madagascar 1,922 16 862
Flag of Iceland.svg An Íoslainn 1,838 10 1,816
Flag of Lithuania.svg An Liotuáin 1,815 78 1,503
Flag of Lebanon.svg An Liobáin 1,740 34 1,153
Flag of Slovakia.svg An tSlóvaic 1,664 28 1,461
Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg Guine-Bissau 1,614 22 317
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg Pórtó Ríce 1,583 151 840
Flag of Slovenia.svg An tSlóivéin 1,581 111 1,376
Flag of Zambia.svg An tSaimbia 1,557 22 1,311
Flag of Malawi.svg An Mhaláiv 1,498 16 317
Flag of Sierra Leone.svg Siarra Leon 1,427 60 943
Flag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Cong 1,200 7 1,104
Flag of Benin.svg Beinin 1,199 21 333
Flag of New Zealand.svg An Nua-Shéalainn 1,176 22 1,134
Flag of Tunisia.svg An Túinéis 1,169 50 1,029
Flag of Cape Verde.svg Rinn Verde 1,165 12 608
Flag of Jordan.svg An Iordáin 1,128 9 867
Flag of Yemen.svg Poblacht Éimin 1,128 304 42
Flag of Latvia.svg An Laitvia 1,117 30 972
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg Poblacht an Chongó 1,087 37 456
Flag of Niger.svg An Nígir 1,075 67 939
Flag of Rwanda.svg Ruanda 1,001 2 443
Flag of Cyprus.svg An Chipir 996 19 833
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg Buircíne Fasó 959 53 830
Flag of Uruguay.svg Uragua 932 27 822
Flag of Georgia.svg An tSeoirsia 926 15 791
Flag of Mozambique.svg Poblacht Mhósaimbíc 883 6 229
Flag of Uganda.svg Uganda 870 0 808
Flag of Chad.svg Sead 866 74 781
Flag of Andorra.svg Andóra 855 52 799
Flag of Libya.svg An Libia 802 23 206
Flag of Eswatini.svg Ríocht eSuaitíní 795 11 380
Flag of Liberia.svg An Libéir 770 36 312
22px São Tomé agus Príncipe 713 13 235
Flag of San Marino.svg San Mairíne 698 42 656
Flag of Jamaica.svg Iamáice 696 10 552
Flag of Malta.svg Málta 670 9 639
Flag of Togo.svg Tóga 643 14 401
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg An tSiombáib 574 7 152
Flag of Somaliland.svg Críoch Shomáile 550 27 64
Flag of Suriname.svg Suranam 515 13 227
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg An Chirgeastáin 506 5 130
Flag of Montenegro.svg Montainéagró 501 11 315
Flag of the Republic of China.svg An Téaváin 447 7 438
Flag of Vietnam.svg Vítneam 355 0 335
Flag of France.svg La Réunion 407 0 237
Flag of Mauritius.svg Oileán Mhuirís 341 10 326
Flag of the Isle of Man.svg Oileán Mhanann 336 24 312
Flag of Jersey.svg Geirsí 319 31 301
Flag of the Comoros.svg Oileáin Chomóra 303 7 200
Flag of Myanmar.svg Maenmar 303 6 222
Flag of Syria.svg An tSiria 293 9 110
Flag of Angola.svg Angóla 291 15 97
Flag of Namibia.svg An Namaib 285 0 24
Flag of Guam.svg Guam 271 5 179
Flag of France.svg Mayotte 254 4 117
Flag of Guernsey.svg Geansaí 252 13 238
Flag of Guyana.svg An Ghuáin 248 13 116
Flag of Botswana.svg An Bhotsuáin 227 1 28
Flag of Mongolia.svg An Mhongóil 220 0 175
Flag of Eritrea.svg An Eiritré 203 0 53
Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg Oileáin Fharó 187 0 187
Flag of Gibraltar.svg Giobráltar 178 0 176
Flag of Burundi.svg An Bhurúin 170 1 115
Flag of Bermuda.svg Beirmiúda 146 9 134
Flag of Brunei.svg Brúiné 141 3 138
Flag of France.svg Martinique 158 8 73
Flag of Tanzania.svg An Tansáin 147 5 11
Flag of France.svg Guadalúip 145 8 67
Flag of Cambodia.svg An Chambóid 141 0 131
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Oileán na Tríonóide agus Tobága 130 8 115
Flag of Monaco.svg Monacó 117 4 104
22px Oileáin na dTurcach agus Caicos 114 2 39
Flag of Seychelles.svg Na Séiséil 114 0 39
Flag of Bhutan.svg An Bhútáin 102 0 89
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg Antigua agus Barbúda 91 3 67
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg Nua-Ghuine Phapua 91 2 34
22px An Chipir Thuaidh 108 4 104
Flag of the Bahamas.svg Na Bahámaí 104 11 77
Flag of Aruba.svg Arúba 104 3 98
Flag of Barbados.svg Barbadós 97 7 91
Flag of France.svg Guáin na Fraince 96 3 16
Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Lichtinstéin 83 1 80
Flag of Sint Maarten.svg Sint Maarten 77 15 62
Flag of The Gambia.svg An Ghaimbia 64 3 34
Flag of France.svg Polainéis na Fraince 62 0 60
Flag of Macau.svg Macau 46 0 45
Flag of Lesotho.svg Leosóta 35 0 11
Flag of Belize.svg an Bheilís 30 2 19
Flag of Slovakia.svg An tSlóivéin 30 25 0
Flag of Georgia.svg An tSeoirsia 25 0 0
22px San Uinseann agus na Greanáidíní 26 0 14
Flag of Curaçao.svg Curaçao 25 1 23
Flag of East Timor.svg An Tíomór Thoir 24 0 24
Flag of Grenada.svg Greanáda 23 0 23
Flag of Laos.svg Laos 19 0 19
Flag of Dominica.svg Doiminice 18 0 18
Flag of Fiji.svg Fidsí 18 0 18
Flag of Saint Lucia.svg San Lucia 18 0 18
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg St. Kitts & Nevis 15 0 15
Flag of the Falkland Islands.svg Oileáin Fháclainne 15 0 15
Flag of Greenland.svg An Ghraonlainn 13 0 13
Flag of the Vatican City.svg Cathair na Vatacáine 12 0 12
Flag of Montserrat.svg Montsarat 11 1 10
Flag of Barbados.svg Barbadós 2 0 0
Flag of Anguilla.svg Anguilla 3 0 3
Flag of Saba.svg Saba 3 0 3
Flag of Sint Eustatius.svg Sint Eustatius 2 0 2
Flag of Bonaire.svg Bonaire 2 0 2
Flag of France.svg Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon 2 0 1

Féach freisin[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

Tagairtí[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

  1. https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/30-01-2020-statement-on-the-second-meeting-of-the-international-health-regulations-(2005)-emergency-committee-regarding-the-outbreak-of-novel-coronavirus-(2019-ncov)
  2. https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/coronavirus-china-live-updates/2020/02/05/114ced8a-479c-11ea-bc78-8a18f7afcee7_story.html
  3. https://www.who.int/dg/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---11-march-2020
  4. https://coronavirus.1point3acres.com/en, 27 Bealtaine 2020
  5. https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/
  6. https://gisanddata.maps.arcgis.com/apps/opsdashboard/index.html#/bda7594740fd40299423467b48e9ecf6
  7. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/symptoms-testing/symptoms.html
  8. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/symptoms-testing/symptoms.html
  9. https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses
  10. https://www.entuk.org/loss-sense-smell-marker-covid-19-infection
  11. https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses
  12. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/how-covid-spreads.html
  13. https://doi.org/10.1001%2Fjama.2020.4756
  14. https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses
  15. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/how-covid-spreads.html
  16. https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/novel-coronavirus-china/questions-answers
  17. https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses
  18. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/how-covid-spreads.html
  19. https://www.nih.gov/news-events/news-releases/new-coronavirus-stable-hours-surfaces
  20. https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public
  21. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/covid-19-guidance-on-social-distancing-and-for-vulnerable-people/guidance-on-social-distancing-for-everyone-in-the-uk-and-protecting-older-people-and-vulnerable-adults
  22. https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses
  23. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/29/opinion/sunday/corona-virus-usa.html
  24. https://www.nytimes.com/article/cancelled-events-coronavirus.html
  25. https://www.cnbc.com/2020/03/18/supply-chain-experts-foods-that-could-be-less-available-in-pandemic.html
  26. https://www.cfr.org/in-brief/coronavirus-disrupt-us-drug-supply-shortages-fda
  27. https://en.unesco.org/themes/education-emergencies/coronavirus-school-closures
  28. https://www.businessinsider.com/coronavirus-death-toll-global-gdp-loss-australian-national-university-study-2020-3
  29. http://theconversation.com/coronavirus-and-the-black-death-spread-of-misinformation-and-xenophobia-shows-we-havent-learned-from-our-past-132802
  30. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/23/us/chinese-coronavirus-racist-attacks.html
  31. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/mar/29/china-coronavirus-anti-foreigner-feeling-imported-cases
  32. https://thethaiger.com/coronavirus/thailand-increasingly-blaming-caucasians-for-coronavirus-crisis
  33. http://www.rfi.fr/en/international/20200319-foreigners-feel-the-heat-of-kenya-s-coronavirus-fears-nairobi-covid-19-xenophobia-european-mzungu