Garb mac Stairn

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Sa Rúraíocht i Miotaseolaíocht na nGael, pearsa i scéalta próis agus duain i ndeireadh na 17ú haoise is ea Garbh mac Stairn (Sean-Ghaeilge Garb). Maíonn gur Lochlannach é,[1] nó deirtear gur fathach ón oirthear é.[2]

De réir cuir síos de chuid na nGarbhchríoch, tháinig sé go hÉirinn ag éilimh cánach, ach chloígh Cú Chulainn é agus bhain a cheann de.[3] Feictear é mar chéile comhraic i leagan béaloidis den Táin Bó Cúailnge ó Uibhist a Deas.[4]

I scéal béaloidis eile de chuid na a nGarbhchríoch, fathach a raibh cónaí air sa cbeantar ab ea Garbh Mac Stairn. Rinne Cú Chulainn iarracht a tharbh geal a ghoid. Chuaigh Cú Chulainn faoi bréagriocht tréadaí isteach sa teach, agus isteach ar na ceithre boinn i leaba bhean choibhche Ghairbh, agus cheap sí gur naíonán a bhí ann.[5]

Deirtear chomh maith gurb ionann Garbh mac Starn agus Suaran mac Starno, rí na Lochlannach, nó an bunús de, sna saothair le James Macpherson luaite le hOisín.[6]

Foinsí[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

  • Teimpléad:Citation
  • Teimpléad:Citation Catalogued by Carmichael Watson Project. This tale was recited by Eachann Mac-iosaig [or MacIssac], erroneously given as 'MacLeod' in the text, aka "Eachann Mac Ruaraidh", a peasant of Ceannlangabhat, Iochdar, UIst a Chinnes Deas (South Uist), who heard it 60 years before from 'Ruary Rua' MacQuien.
  • Teimpléad:Citation, lch. 194–199, "LXXV. Guaigean Ladhrach 'S Loirean Spagach" (aistr. Crumple Toes agus Shamble Shanks). Garb appears not in the primary example but in the appended variant, taken down from Neil Macalister, Port Charlotte, Islay, and written by Mr. Carmichael.
  • Teimpléad:Citation: "Duan a' Ghairbh Mhic Stairn", ed., lch. 17- "Ballad of the Garve Son of Starn", tr.,p. 91- ("An Garbh Mac Stairn is a fusion of two variants, the one in Mac Nicol's collection and the other in Fletcher's collection, both.. in the Advocates' Library")

Tagairtí[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

  1. Teimpléad:Harvnb
  2. Teimpléad:Harvnb
  3. Teimpléad:Harvnb
  4. Teimpléad:Harvnb
  5. Teimpléad:Harvnb, Popular Tales, vol. 3, ll. 194-9
  6. Works of Ossian, vol. 2 (1765), Hugh Blair, Dissertation, lch. xxxiv, "Duan a Gharibb Mac-Starn is another Irish poem in high repute... Garibh Mac-Starn is the same with Ossian's Swaran, the son of Starno. His single combat with, and victory over all... excepting... Cuchullin."