Conaille Muirtheimne

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Ríocht na gCruithne ba ea Conaille Muirtheimhne (Sean-Ghaeilge Conaille Muirthemne}, suite i dtuaisceart chúige Laighean mar atá inniu, idir roimh 688 go dtí tar éis 1107, a bheag nó a mhór.

Bunúis[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

Cuid de ríogacht na nUladh ab ea Conaille Muirtheimhne tráth, agus d'fhan siad ina chomhghuaillí acu ar feadh an chuid is mó dá stair. I Leabhar na gCeart, faightear an Conaille i measc "na gcríoch a íocann a rí cáin dosna hUlaid." Mar chúiteamh, d'íocfadh rí na nUlad do "Rí Laochta Mhuirthemhne - sé chruach chruinne lán de leann, deich long ó Laoch Ealga, deich n-each agus deich bhfallaing gheala."

Creidtear gur géag na gCruithne is ea iad. Deir Dubhaltach Mac Firbhisigh: "Mar bhaill Chruithne na hÉireann tá an Dál nAraidi, na seacht Laighsi na Laighean, na seacht Soghain na hÉireann, ach gach Conall na hÉireann." Mhol Eoin Mac Néill gur de chlann na nUlad agus na nÉarann ab ea Conaille Muirtheimne, de shliocht Chonaill Anglonnaigh, mac Deda mhic Shin.[1]

Is amhlaidh, áfach, gur toradh cumadóireachtaí níos déanaí é an nasc leis na Cruithne.

Stair[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

Is é Dícuill mac Ossénié an chéad bhall den ríora faighte sna hannála, luaite mar rex san Vita S. Romani.[2]

In gcaitheamh a gcuid staire, bhí an Conaille i mbun cogaidh in éadan Oirialla agus Uí Néill, agus scataí lena comhghuaillí na nUlad féin.

Fuair rí dearanach an Chonaille bás sa bhliain 1081, ach sa bhliain 1107, deirtear gur "maraíodh Fearghas, mac rí Chonaille, i mbun catha in éadan Uí Breasail Mhacha", is amhlaidh mar sin go raibh a cuid neamhspleáchais acu fós. Is léir áfach, gur éirigh Oirialla i gceannas orthu am éigin ina dhiaidh sin, is dócha c. 1130 ag Donnchad Ua Cerbaill, rí Oirialla. Sa bhliain 1153, "chreach ... agus dhóigh abb t-Ard Rí Domhnall Mac Lochlainn Conaille."

Clanna[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

I measc sloinnte haois leis an dream seo, tá b'fhéidir Ó Conghaile agus/nó Ó Conghalaigh.[3][3]

Tíreolas[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

Faightear an cúr síos a leanas ar Conaille Muirthemne anseo:

Until it fell under the control of the Uí Cairbheail in the twelfth century, what is now Contae Lú was divided between three minor kingdoms. In the south lay that of Ciannachta Fhear Ard (whence barúntacht Fir Arda); ... In the east and centre of the present county was the Airgiallan kingdom of Fir Roise, and in the north was that of the Conaille Muirtheimne ... The territory of Conaille Muirtheimne was associated with Mag Muirtheimne, ...the core area of the kingdom appears to have been roughly equivalent to the barúntacht Dún Dealgan Uachtarach, plus the parish of Droim Ineasclainn. The regions to the south-west and north-east (Cuaille), were of uncertain or perhaps fluctuating status.

Ríthe Chonaille Muirtheimhne, 688-1107[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

Féach [2]

  1. Uarcraide mac Dícuill mac Osseni, bás 688
  2. Amalgaid mac Cathasaig, bás 741,
  3. Fagall (Fallach) Finn mac Oengusa, bás 743
  4. Foidmenn mac Fallaig/Fallomain, bás 752
  5. Uargal (Uargalach mac Uachtbrain mhic Uarcraide), bás 765
  6. Sluagadach mac Uargalaig, ceathrú mac Uargail, bás 789
  7. Fiachain, bás 792
  8. Spelan mac Sluagadaig, bás 824
  9. Mael Brigte mac Spelain, bás 869; d'fhuadaigh na Lochlannaigh é féin agus a dheartháir Canannán sa bhliain 831; bhféidir é gur éirigh sé as roimh 850.
  10. Gairbith mac Mail Brigte, chéad mhac Mail Brigte, bás 878, bhain Uí Echach a cheann de
  11. Ciblechan mac Mail Brigte, dara mac Mhaoil Bhríde, bás 890
  12. Mael Morda mac Gairbitha, chéad mhac Gairbith, bás 891, bhain Cellach mac Flannicáin a cheann de
  13. Conglach mac Gairbitha, ceathrú mac[4] Gairbith, bás 913, maraithe ag a dheartháir, Domhnall. Sa bhliain 912, mharaigh sé mac Gairbith Mael Morda
  14. Dommnall mac Gairbitha, cúigiú mac Gairbith, bás 914
  15. Mael Brigte mac Ciblechain, bás 914 i mbun catha
  16. Spelan mac Congalaig, mac Conglaigh mhic Gairbitha is dócha, bás 923, maraithe d'fheall, ag a mmhuintir féin b'fhéidir
  17. Crongilla mac Cuilennain, bás 937, chéad mhac den triú mhac Cuilennain Mael Brigte
  18. Mac Etig mac Cuilennain, bás 951, triú mac Cuilennain mac Mael Brigte
  19. Cinaed mac Crongilla, bás 970, mac Crongilla mac Cuilennain
  20. Congalach mac Meic Etig, bás 988, mac Mac Etig mac Cuilennain
  21. Matudan mac Cinaeda, bás 996, mac Cinaed mac Crongilla
  22. Gilla Crist ua Cuilennain, bás 999, is dócha mac Mac Etig mac Cuilennain
  23. Muiredach, bás 1005, mac Congalach mac Meic Etig
  24. In Gercce, bás 1005, nó mac Muiredach, or we have a single person Muiredach In Gercc mac Congalaig
  25. Crinan mac Gormlada, bás 1012
  26. Cinaed mac In Geircce, bás 1029, mac Muiredach In Gercc mac Congalaig
  27. Domnall mac Gilla Christ, bás 1052; he is not the grandson of Cuilennain but descends by the line of the last son, Mail Forthardaig, of Cuilennain mac Mael Brigte
  28. Cinaed mac meic Odormaic, bás 1066
  29. Mac Ui Threodain, bás 1078
  30. Mac In Geircce, bás 1081, either a son of (Muiredach) In Gercc mac Congalaig or another descendant of Muiredach
  31. Rí Chonaille neamh-ainmnithe, beo 1107.

Féach freisin[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

Foinsí[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

Tagairtí[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

  1. Mac Néill, ll. 97–8
  2. 2.0 2.1 Thornton, D. (2003). "Kings, Chronologies and Genealogies". Prosopographica et Genealogia. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Dundalk and North Louth: Paintings and Stories from Cuchulainn's Country" (1997). Laurel Cottage Limited. Retrieved on 2014-10-17. 
  4. The second and third sons of Gairbith, Mac Étig and Mael Mogna have been killed in 899 by the Uí Echach.