An Lia Fáil

Ón Vicipéid, an chiclipéid shaor.
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Macasamhail den Lia Fáil, i Lùchairt Sgàin.

Is bloc leathfhada de ghaineamhchloch dhearg é an Lia FáilClach na Cinneamhain a úsáideadh ar feadh na gcéadta bliain i gcorónú monarcóirí na hAlban, agus ina dhiaidh sin freisin nuair a tháinig monarcáin na hAlban chun bheith ina monarcanna i Sasana agus i gcorónú mhonarcanna na Breataine Móire agus an Ríocht Aontaithe le déanaí, tar éis Acht an Aontais. Go stairiúil, coinníodh an déantúsán ag Mainistir Sgàin atá scriosta anois, i Sgàin, in aice le Peairt na Alban. Is é a mhéid ná 66 cm faoi 42.5 cm faoi 26.7 cm, agus is é a meáchan thart ar 152 kg. Tá cros greanta go garbh ar dhromchla amháin de, agus fáinne iarainn ar an dá cheann len é a iompar. Baineadh úsáid as an Lia Fáil sa bhliain 1953 le haghaidh corónú Eilís II na Ríochta Aontaithe.

Sa 14ú haois, chuir Walter Hemingford, an cléireach Sasanach agus an staraí síos ar an áit a raibh cloch chorónaithe na hAlban mar mhainistir Sgàin, 3km ó thuaidh ó Peirt: Teimpléad:Quote Tá teoiricí agus finscéalta éagsúla ann faoi stair na cloiche sular socraíodh í i Sgàin:

  • Baineann scéal amháin le Fergus Mór mac Eirc, céad Rí na Scoit in Albain, ar taifeadadh a hiompar ó Éirinn go hEarra-Ghàidheal, áit ar a shuigh sé nuair a corónaíodh ina rí é. [1]
  • Aithníonn roinnt leaganacha an chloch a thug Fergus chun leis agus an Lia Fáil in úsáid ag Cnoc na Teamhrach chun Ard-Rí na hÉireann a chorónú ina rí. Áitíonn traidisiúin eile go bhfanann sn Lia Fáil i dTeamhair. [2] (Tá Inis Fáil, ar cheann de na hainmneacha traidisiúnta ar Éirinn. )
  • Cuireann finscéalta eile le fios gur as an Talamh Naofa a tháinig an Lia Fáil, in aimsir an Bhíobla agus measann siad gurb í Cloch Iacóib i, a thóg Iacób le linn dó bheith i Haran, (Genesis 28: 10–22). [3]

Dheimhnigh geolaithe áfach go bhfuil an chloch a thóg Éadbhard I Shasana go Westminster [4] ina " Gaineamhchloch Dhearg Íochtarach", a cairéalaíodh i gcóngaracht Sgàin. [5]

Tá amhras ann faoi bharántúlacht na cloiche le fada an lá: léiríonn post blag ag acadamh Albanach Marie MacPherson go dtéann siad siar dhá chéas bhliain ar a laghad. [6]

Deir litir chuig eagarthóir an Morning Chronicle, dar dáta an 2 Eanáir 1819:

On the 19th of November, as the servants belonging to the West Mains of Dunsinane-house, were employed in carrying away stones from the excavation made among the ruins that point out the site of Macbeth's castle here, part of the ground they stood on suddenly gave way, and sank down about six feet, discovering a regularly built vault, about six feet long and four wide. None of the men being injured, curiosity induced them to clear out the subterranean recess, when they discovered among the ruins a large stone, weighing about 500lb [[[:Teimpléad:Convert/lb]]], which is pronounced to be of the meteoric or semi-metallic kind. This stone must have lain here during the long series of ages since Macbeth's reign. Beside it were also found two round tablets, of a composition resembling bronze. On one of these two lines are engraved, which a gentleman has thus deciphered.— 'The sconce (or shadow) of kingdom come, until Sylphs in air carry me again to Bethel.' These plates exhibit the figures of targets for the arms. From time immemorial it has been believed among us here, that unseen hands brought Jacob's pillow from Bethel and dropped it on the site where the palace of Scoon now stands. A strong belief is also entertained by many in this part of the country that it was only a representation of this Jacob's pillow that Edward sent to Westminster, the sacred stone not having been found by him. The curious here, aware of such traditions, and who have viewed these venerable remains of antiquity, agree that Macbeth may, or rather must, have deposited the stone in question at the bottom of his Castle, on the hill of Dunsinane (from the trouble of the times), where it has been found by the workmen. This curious stone has been shipped for London for the inspection of the scientific amateur, in order to discover its real quality[7]

Mainistir Westminster[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

Léaráid den Lia Fáíl i gCathaoir an Chorónaithe ag Westminster Abbey, 1855

Tagairtí[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

  1. Andree, p. 163
  2. Petrie (1839). "Citation is missing a title. Either specify one, or click here and a bot will try to complete the citation details for you. {{{title}}}". The Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy: 18: 159–162. Royal Irish Academy. 
  3. Tá ort na shonrú' 'teideal = agus' 'url = nuair a úsáideann {{ lua idirlín}}."".
  4. 'The Stone of Destiny: Symbol of Nationhood' by David Breeze and Graeme Munro
  5. John Prebble, The Lion in the North
  6. Tá ort na shonrú' 'teideal = agus' 'url = nuair a úsáideann {{ lua idirlín}}."". English Historical Fiction Authors.
  7. Tá ort na shonrú' 'teideal = agus' 'url = nuair a úsáideann {{ lua idirlín}}."". English Monarchs (2004–2005).

Tuilleadh léitheoireachta[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

  • No Stone Unturned: The Story of the Stone of Destiny, Ian R. Hamilton, Victor Gollancz and also Funk and Wagnalls, 1952, 1953, hardcover, 191 pages, An account of the return of the stone to Scotland in 1950 (older, but more available, look on ABE)
  • Taking of the Stone of Destiny, Ian R. Hamilton, Seven Hills Book Distributors, 1992, hardcover, ISBN 0-948403-24-1 (modern reprint)
  • Martin-Gil F.J., Martin-Ramos P. and Martin-Gil J. "Is Scotland's Coronation Stone a Measurement Standard from the Middle Bronze Age?". Anistoriton, issue P024 of 14 December 2002.
  • The Stone of Destiny: Symbol of Nationhood by David Breeze, Chief Inspector of Ancient Monuments, and Graeme Munro, Chief Executive, Historic Scotland; Published by Historic Scotland 1997: ISBN 1-900168-44-8

Naisc sheachtracha[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

  • Skene, William Forbes (1869). Cloch an Chróinte . Dún Éideann: Edmonston & Douglas . Aisghabháil 9 Deireadh Fómhair 2014 .
  • Buaicphointí: Láithreán Gréasáin Chaisleán Dhún Éideann de Stone of Destiny
  • An Stone of Destiny, ríogacht naofa sa 21ú haois