Ard-Rí na hÉireann

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Teideal ríogach Éireannach é Ard-Rí na hÉireann (Ard rí Érenn i Sean-Ghaeilge), a thugtaí ar na ríthe a bhíodh ann i dTeamhair na Rí i bhfinscéal agus stair na hÉireann.

Creideann scoláirí anois gur tógán bréagstairiúil den 8ú haois AD é líon na ríthe seo, slánaonad polaitiúil samhlaithe siar i bhfad nár tháinig i bhfeidhm go dtí Mael Seachlainn I.

The Ríthe na Teamhrach were sometimes called High Kings but were not recognized as kings of all Ireland in the historical period.[1][2] However, this is to put the supposed position of "High King of Ireland" on a platform that it probably never enjoyed. The social structure of Gaelic Ireland was extremely complex, hierarchically oriented and aristocratic in concept. At the summit of society stood the king of a province, variously styled in the law texts as "King of great kings" rí ruirech, "Chief of kings" ollam rí and "The ultimate king of every individual" rí bunaidh cách cinn.[3] From his justice there was no appeal, nor did the Brehon Law acknowledge the existence of the High Kingship of Ireland.[3] — the ri ruirech had no legal superior.

Féach fosta[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]


  1. Byrne 2001
  2. Bhreathnach 2005
  3. 3.0 3.1 Kelly, Fergus, A Guide to Early Irish Law, Dublin, 1988, ll. 17-18.