An Bruach Thiar

Ón Vicipéid, an chiclipéid shaor.
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'An Bruach Thiar'
الضفة الغربية (ad-Diffah I-Garbiyyah)
[[Íomhá:Palestine (Area A and B)|125px|Bratach {{{ainm_gin_bain}}}]]
[[Bratach {{{ainm_gin_bain}}}|Bratach]]
Mana: {{{mana_náisiúnta}}}
Amhrán náisiúnta: {{{amhrán_náisiúnta}}}
[[Íomhá:Léarscáil an Bhruaich Thiar|290px|Suíomh {{{ainm_gin_fir}}}]]
Príomhchathair Iarúsailéim
{{{dnlc}}}°{{{dnln}}}′ {{{dnlNSgael}}} {{{dnfc}}}°{{{dnfn}}}′ {{{dnfEWgael}}}
[[Déimeagrafaic {{{ainm_gin_bain}}}|An chathair is mó]] Gaza
Teangacha oifigiúla Araibis, Eabhrais
Rialtas
{{{teidil_na_gceannairí}}}
Rialtas Míleata Iosrael agus Riarachán Sibhialta Iosrael
{{{ainmneacha_na_gceannairí}}}
{{{cineál_ardcheannais}}}
{{{tarluithe_bunaithe}}}
{{{dátaí_bunaithe}}}
Achar
 • San iomlán
 • Uisce (%)
 
5,655 km210,452 km² ({{{rang_achair}}})
{{{uisce_faoin_gcéad}}}
Daonra
 • Meas. ó [[{{{bliain_an_mheastacháin_daonra}}}]]
 • Daonáireamh [[{{{bliain_an_daonáirimh_daonra}}}]]
 • Dlús
 
{{{meastachán_daonra}}} ({{{rang_an_mheastacháin_daonra}}})
3,284,787
{{{dlús_daonra}}}/km² (21ú)
OTI (PCC)
 • San iomlán
 • An duine
Meas. ó [[{{{bliain_OTI_PCC}}}]]
{{{OTI_PCC}}} ({{{rang_OTI_PCC}}})
{{{OTI_PCC_an_duine}}} ({{{rang_OTI_PCC_an_duine}}})
Airgeadra An Seiceal (LBP)
Crios ama
 • Samhradh (CSL)
{{{Crios ama}}} (UTC{{{aischur_UTC}}})
{{{crios_ama_CSL}}} (UTC{{{aischur_UTC_CSL}}})
Fearann Idirlín {{{fearann}}}
Glaochód +{{{glaochód}}}
{{{fonótaí}}}

Críoch thalamhiata gearr do chósta Meánmhuirí Iarthar na hÁise, an chuid is mó de faoi smacht Iosraelach, nó faoi chomh-smacht Stát Iosrael-Stát- Údarás Náisiúnta na Palaistíne is ea an Bruach Thiar. (Araibis: الضفة الغربية Teimpléad:Transl; Eabhrais: הגדה המערבית, HaGadah HaMa'aravit). Tá ar stádas deiridh an limistéir ar fad fós a bheidh socraithe ag na páirtithe lena mbaineann.[1] Tá an Bruach Thiar ag críochantacht (línithe ag armstad Iordánach-Iosraelach de 1949) san iarthar, ó thuaidh, agus ó dheas le hIosrael, agus ar an taobh thoir, ar fud  Abhainn na hIordáine, leis an Iordáin. Chomh maith leis sin tá cuid suntasach de chladach iarthaach na Mara Mairbhe ag an Bhruach Thiar. [2]

Tá achar talún de 5,640 km2 móide limistéar uisce de 220 km2, comhdhéanta de  chuid den chuid thiar thuaidh den Mhuir Mharbh, san Bhruach Thiar agus lena n-áirítear Iarúsailéim Thoir. I mí IúilI 2015, measadh go raibh daonra de 2,785,366 Palaistínigh, agus thart ar 371,000 lonnaitheoirí Iosraelacha, agus thart ar 212,000 Giúdaigh eile in Iarúsailéim Thoir. Measann an pobal idirnáisiúnta go bhfuil lonnaíochtaí Iosraelacha ar an Bhruach Thiar, lena n-áirítear an Iarúsailéim Thoir, mídhleathach faoin dlí idirnáisiúnta, cé go neasaontaíonn Iosrael leis an gceist seo.[3][4][5][6] Thug an Chúirt Bhreithiúnais Idirnáisiúnta rialú comhairleach (2004) a thug le fios go bhfuil na himeachtaí sin a thárla tar éis na bliana 1967, sé sin polasaí forghabhála agus smachtaithe Stát Iosrael sa Bhruach Thiar, lena n-áirítear Dlí Iarúsailéim, conradh síochána Iosrael leis an Iordáin agus an Comhaontuithe Síochána Osló, nach raibh athrú ar stádas an Bhruach Thiar (lena n-áirítear Oirthear Iarúsailéim) mar chríoch faoi fhorghabháil, agus Iosrael ina cumhacht fhorghabhála.

Sanasaíocht[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

Cathair Salfit, An Bhruach Thiar

An Bruach Thiar[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

Cathair na Beithile, An Bhruach Thiar

Aistriúchán is ea an t-ainm an Bhruach Thiar ar an téarma araibis الضفة الغربية (ad-Diffah I-Garbiyyah), a tugadh ar bhruach thiar na hIordáine a thit, sa bhliain 1948, faoi smacht agus rialú na hIordáine, a d'ionghabh an talamh ina dhiaidh sin sa bhliain 1950. D'aithin an Bhreatain, an Iaráic agus an Phacastáin amháin ani onghabháil seo.[7] Roghnaíodh an téarma chun idirdhealú a dhéanamh idir an bhruach thiar na hIordáine  agus "an bruach theas".

Stádas dlíthiúil[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

Map comparing the borders of the 1947 partition plan and the armistice of 1949.

Tagairtí[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

  1. 1995 Oslo Interim Agreement Teimpléad:Webarchive. Text of the Accord
  2. Tá ort na shonrú' 'teideal = agus' 'url = nuair a úsáideann {{ lua idirlín}}."". Archived from the original on 6 May 2014.
  3. Roberts, Adam. "{{{title}}}". The American Journal of International Law 84 (1): 85–86. American Society of International Law. doi:10.2307/2203016. “The international community has taken a critical view of both deportations and settlements as being contrary to international law. General Assembly resolutions have condemned the deportations since 1969, and have done so by overwhelming majorities in recent years. Likewise, they have consistently deplored the establishment of settlements, and have done so by overwhelming majorities throughout the period (since the end of 1976) of the rapid expansion in their numbers. The Security Council has also been critical of deportations and settlements; and other bodies have viewed them as an obstacle to peace, and illegal under international law... Although East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights have been brought directly under Israeli law, by acts that amount to annexation, both of these areas continue to be viewed by the international community as occupied, and their status as regards the applicability of international rules is in most respects identical to that of the West Bank and Gaza.” 
  4. Pertile, Marco (2005). "{{{title}}}" 14. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. “the establishment of the Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory has been considered illegal by the international community and by the majority of legal scholars.” 
  5. Barak-Erez, Daphne (2006). "{{{title}}}". International Journal of Constitutional Law 4 (3). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/icon/mol021. “The real controversy hovering over all the litigation on the security barrier concerns the fate of the Israeli settlements in the occupied territories. Since 1967, Israel has allowed and even encouraged its citizens to live in the new settlements established in the territories, motivated by religious and national sentiments attached to the history of the Jewish nation in the land of Israel. This policy has also been justified in terms of security interests, taking into consideration the dangerous geographic circumstances of Israel before 1967 (where Israeli areas on the Mediterranean coast were potentially threatened by Jordanian control of the West Bank ridge). The international community, for its part, has viewed this policy as patently illegal, based on the provisions of the Fourth Geneva Convention that prohibit moving populations to or from territories under occupation.” 
  6. Drew, Catriona (1997). "{{{title}}}" 52: 151–152. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. “It can thus clearly be concluded that the transfer of Israeli settlers into the occupied territories violates not only the laws of belligerent occupation but the Palestinian right of self-determination under international law. The question remains, however, whether this is of any practical value. In other words, given the view of the international community that the Israeli settlements are illegal under the law if belligerent occupation, what purpose does it serve to establish that an additional breach of international law has occurred?” 
  7. Eyal Benvenisti, The International Law of Occupation, Oxford University Press 2012 p. 204:"The so-called West Bank (of the Jordan river), including the eastern part of Jerusalem, has been since 1948 under Jordanian administration, and Jordan claimed to have annexed it in 1950. This purported annexation of parts of the former Mandatory Palestine was, however, widely regarded, including by the Arab League, as illegal and void, and was recognized only by Britain, Iraq and Pakistan."