John Williams (cumadóir)

Ón Vicipéid, an chiclipéid shaor.
John Williams

Is cumadóir ceoil agus stiúrthóir foirinn cheoil cáiliúil de chuid SAM é John Towner Williams (rugadh 8 Feabhra 1932 i Nua Eabhrac) a bhfuil cáil ar leith tuillte aige mar gheall ar chumadh ceoil do scannáin.

A shaol[athraigh | edit source]

Bhí a athair, Johnny Williams, ina cheoltóir cumasach a sheinn an trombóin agus na drumaí agus a ghlac páirt i mbanna den t-ainm an Raymond Scott Quintet.

Bhí triúr clainne, Joseph, Mark agus Jennifer aige lena chéad bhean chéile Barbara Ruick a fuair bás sa bhliain 1974. Faoi láthair tá sé pósta leis an ngrianghrafadóir Samantha Winslow.

Rinne John Williams dianstaidéar ar an gceol ó aois óg agus é ag seinnt an phianó, an trombóin, an clairinéid agus an troimpéid. Ba léir gan mhoill gur ceoltóir tréitheach a bhí ann. Thosaigh sé ag cumadh ceoil go luath agus lean sé air i rith an Dara Cogadh Domhanda agus é ina bhall de bhanna an aerfhórsa.

Coinnigh sé ar sa Juilliard School of Music le Rosina Lhevinne. Níos déanaí i Hollywood bhí sé faoi oiliúnt ag Arthur Olaf Anderson agus Mario Castlenuovo-Tedesco.

Bhí tionchar mór ag Bernard Herrmann agus Henry Mancini air agus é ag leanacht lena oideachas ceoil. Bhain sé Oscar le haghaidh ceol scannáin ceithre huaire agus bhí sé ina stiúrthóir ar an bhfoireann cheoil fíorcháiliúl The Boston Pops.

Bhí rath ollmhór ar an gceol a scríobh sé do scannáin, go háirithe de chuid Steven Spielberg.

A shaothar[athraigh | edit source]

Williams ag obair ar "Raiders of the Lost Ark"
Teilifís/Scannáin
  • John Williams Today, 1952 (sraith telifíse)
  • General Electric Theater, 1953 (sraith telifíse)
  • Playhouse 90, 1957 (sraith telifíse)
  • Tales of Wells Fargo, 1957 (sraith telifíse)
  • My Gun Is Quick, 1957
  • Bachelor Father, 1957 (sraith telifíse)
  • Wagon Train, 1957 (sraith telifíse)
  • M Squad, 1957 (sraith telifíse, le Johnny Williams)
  • Daddy-O, 1958
  • I Passed for White, 1960
  • Because They're Young, 1960
  • Checkmate, 1960 (sraith telifíse)
  • The Secret Ways, 1961 ( le Johnny Williams)
  • Kraft Mystery Theater, 1961 (sraith telifíse, le Johnny Williams)
  • Alcoa Premiere, 1961 (sraith telifíse, le Johnny T. Williams)
  • Bachelor Flat, 1962
  • The Virginian, 1962 (sraith telifíse)
  • The Wide Country, 1962
  • Empire, 1962 (sraith telifíse)
  • Diamond Head, 1963
  • Gidget Goes to Rome, 1963 (le Johnny Williams)
  • Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre, 1963 (sraith telifíse)
  • Gilligan's Island, 1964 (sraith telifíse, le Johnny Williams)
  • Nightmare in Chicago, 1964 (telifís)
  • The Killers, 1964 (le Johnny Williams)
  • The Katherine Reed Story, 1965
  • None But the Brave, 1965 (le Johnny Williams)
  • John Goldfarb, Please Come Home, 1965
  • Lost in Space, 1965 (sraith telifíse, le Johnny Williams)
  • The Rare Breed, 1966 (le Johnny Williams)
  • The Kraft Summer Music Hall, 1966 (sraith telifíse)
  • How to Steal a Million, 1966
  • The Plainsman, 1966 (le Johnny Williams)
  • The Tammy Grimes Show, 1966 (sraith telifíse)
  • The Time Tunnel, 1966 (sraith telifíse, le Johnny Williams)
  • Not with My Wife, You Don't!, 1966 (le Johnny Williams)
  • Penelope, 1966 (le Johnny Williams)
  • A Guide for the Married Man, 1967 (le Johnny Williams)
  • Ghostbreakers, 1967 (telifíse)
  • Valley of the Dolls, 1967
  • Fitzwilly, 1967 (le Johnny Williams)
  • Sergeant Ryker, 1968
  • Land of the Giants, 1968 (sraith telifíse)
  • Heidi, 1968 (telifís)
  • Saturday Adoption, 1968 (telifís)
  • Daddy's Gone A-Hunting, 1969
  • Goodbye, Mr. Chips, 1969
  • The Reivers, 1969
  • NBC Nightly News, 1970 (telifís)
  • Storia di una donna, 1970
  • Jane Eyre, 1970
  • The Cowboys, 1972
  • The Screaming Woman, 1972 (telifís)
  • Images, 1972
  • The Poseidon Adventure, 1972
  • Pete 'n' Tillie, 1972 (le John T. Williams)
  • Cinderella Liberty, 1973
  • The Paper Chase, 1973
  • The Man Who Loved Cat Dancing, 1973
  • The Cowboys, 1974 (sraith telifíse)
  • Conrack, 1974
  • The Sugarland Express, 1974
  • Earthquake, 1974
  • The Towering Inferno, 1974
  • The Eiger Sanction, 1975
  • Jaws, 1975
  • Family Plot, 1976
  • The Missouri Breaks, 1976
  • Midway, 1976
  • Black Sunday, 1977
  • Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope, 1977
  • Close Encounters of the Third Kind, 1977
  • The Fury, 1978
  • Jaws 2, 1978
  • Superman, 1978
  • Dracula, 1979
  • 1941 - Allarme a Hollywood (1941), 1979
  • Star Wars: Episode V - The Empire Strikes Back, 1980
  • Raiders of the Lost Ark, 1981
  • Heartbeeps, 1981
  • Aliens From Another Planet, 1982 (scannán telifíse, le Johnny Williams)
  • E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, 1982
  • Yes, Giorgio, 1982
  • Monsignor, 1982
  • Star Wars: Episode VI - Return of the Jedi, 1983
  • Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, 1984
  • Top Secret!, 1984
  • The River, 1984
  • SpaceCamp, 1986
  • Star Tours, 1987
  • The Witches of Eastwick, 1987
  • Superman IV: The Quest for Peace, 1987
  • Empire of the Sun, 1987
  • The Accidental Tourist, 1988
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, 1989
  • Born on the Fourth of July, 1989
  • Always, 1989
  • Stanley & Iris, 1990
  • Presumed Innocent, 1990
  • Home Alone, 1990
  • Hook, 1991
  • JFK, 1991
  • Far and Away, 1992
  • Home Alone 2: Lost in New York, 1992
  • Jurassic Park, 1993
  • Schindler's List, 1993
  • Indiana Jones' Greatest Adventures, 1994 (videogioco)
  • Sabrina, 1995
  • Nixon, 1995
  • The Olympic Torch Relay, 1996 (telifíse)
  • Sleepers, 1996
  • Rosewood, 1997
  • The Lost World: Jurassic Park, 1997
  • Seven Years in Tibet, 1997
  • Amistad, 1997
  • Saving Private Ryan, 1998
  • Stepmom, 1998
  • Star Wars: Episode I - The Phantom Menace, 1999
  • Angela's Ashes, 1999
  • The Unfinished Journey, 1999
  • The Patriot, 2000
  • Artificial Intelligence: AI, 2001
  • Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone, 2001
  • Star Wars: Jedi Starfighter, 2002 (videogioco)
  • Reflections of Evil, 2002
  • Star Wars: Episode II - Attack of the Clones, 2002
  • Minority Report, 2002
  • Star Wars: Clone Wars, 2002
  • Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, 2002
  • Catch Me If You Can, 2002
  • Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic, 2003
  • Star Wars: Clone Wars, 2003
  • Once Upon a Jedi, 2004
  • Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, 2004
  • The Terminal, 2004
  • Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic II: The Sith Lords, 2004
  • Star Wars: Episode III - Revenge of the Sith, 2005
  • War of the Worlds, 2005
  • Memoirs of a Geisha, 2005
  • Munich, 2005
  • Superman II - The Richard Donner Cut, 2006
Na hOlimpeacha
  • Olympic Fanfare and Theme, XXIII Los Angeles 1984
  • The Olympic Spirit, XV 1988
  • Summon the Heroes, XVII Atlantaa 1996
  • Call of the Champions, XIX Salt Lake City 2002
Conceirtigh
  • Concerto per flauto e orchestra (1969)
  • Concerto per violino (1976, rielab. 1998)
  • "The five sacred trees"
  • Concerto per violoncello e orchestra
  • Concerto per tromba e orchestra
  • "Tree song" per violino e orchestra
  • "3 pieces from Shindler's list" per violino e orchestra
  • Concerto per clarinetto e orchestra
  • Concerto per tuba e orchestra