Fuadar Óir Chalifornia

Ón Vicipéid, an chiclipéid shaor.
Ar bord loinge chuig California ag tús an Fhudair

Thosnaigh Fuadar Óir Chalifornia ar an 24 la d'Eanáir, 1848 le fionnachtain óir ag Muileann Sutter (Béarla: Sutter's Mills) i gColoma, California. Scaip an nuacht chuig gach cearn den tír agus thar sáile, agus mheall an scéal 300,000 duine go California ón chuid eile de SAM agus thar lear.

Forbhreathnú[athraigh | edit source]

Bealaí chuig California in 1849
Loingeas trádála ag líonadh duganna San Francisco i 1850 nó 1851.
Ionsaí na mbunduchasaigh ar lonnaíocht mianadóirí

Chuireadh tús leis an bhFuadar Óir ag Muileann Sutter, gearr do Choloma. D'aimsigh James W. Marshall píosaí óir agus é i mbun oibre mar shaoiste, ag togáil muileann sábhadóireachta, le haghaidh an cheannródaí John Sutter. Chonaic Marshall giotaí den mhiotail ag soilsiú i bhfuíollchainéal an mhuilinn, ar bhruach Abhainn Mheiriceánach. Gan a mhór a dhéanamh de, thug Marshall an méid a bhfuair sé do Sutter agus chuir an beirt acu na píosaí mhiotail faoi thriail, go priobháideach. Dhearbhaigh na teisteanna gur ór a bhí faighte acu. Bhí díoma ar Sutter faoin scéal seo, mar gur cheap sé nach rachadh sé chun tairbhe dó agus na pleanna a bhí roimhe chun impireacht talmhaíochta a chur ar bun san áit. Cheap sé go mbeadh na sluaite ag triall ar an cheantar ar thór an óir agus ar an drochuair bhí an ceart aige. Gan mórán muille, spréigh raflaí amach faoin scéal agus dheimhnigh scéal a d'fhoilsigh an tUasal Samuel Brennan, ceannaí agus foilsitheoir nuachtáin i San Francisco,faoin an eachtra i Mí Márta 1848.

Tagairtí[athraigh | edit source]

Léitheoireacht sa bhreis[athraigh | edit source]

  • Burchell, Robert A. (Summer 1974). "The Loss of a Reputation; or, The Image of California in Britain before 1875". California Historical Quarterly 53 (3): 115–130. ISSN 0097-6059.
  • Burns, John F. and Richard J. Orsi (eds.) (2003). Taming the elephant: politics, government, and law in pioneer California. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-23413-8. Retrieved on 2007-02-14.
  • Drager, K.; C. Fracchia (1997). The golden dream: California from Gold Rush to statehood. Portland, Oregon: Graphic Arts Center Publishing Company. ISBN 1-55868-312-7.
  • Eifler, Mark A. (2002). Gold Rush capitalists: greed and growth in Sacramento. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. ISBN 0-8263-2822-9.
  • Holliday, J. S.; William Swain [1981] (2002). The world rushed in: the California Gold Rush experience. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-3464-X.
  • Hurtado, Albert L. (2006). John Sutter: a life on the North American frontier. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-3772-X.
  • Johnson, Susan Lee (2001). Roaring Camp: the social world of the California Gold Rush. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-32099-5.
  • Klare, Normand E. (2005). The final voyage of the SS Central America 1857. Ashland, Oregon: Klare Taylor Publishers. ISBN 0-9764403-0-X.
  • Levy, JoAnn [1990] (1992). They saw the elephant: women in the California Gold Rush. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-2473-3.
  • Owens, Kenneth N. (ed.) (2002). Riches for all: the California Gold Rush and the world. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-8617-1.
  • Roberts, Brian (2000). American alchemy: the California Gold Rush and middle-class culture. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 0-8078-4856-5.
  • Rohrbough, Malcolm J. (1998). Days of gold: the California Gold Rush and American nation. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-21659-8.
  • Watson, Matthew A. (2005). "The Argonauts of '49: Class, Gender, and Partnership in Bret Harte's West.". Western American Literature 40 (1): 33–53. ISSN 0043-3462.


Naisc sheachtracha[athraigh | edit source]