Eamhain Abhlach

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I Miotaseolaíocht na nGael, oileán miotasach parthais ab ea Eamhain Abhlach (Sean-Ghaeilge EmainEmne Ablach). Meastar go minic gurbh fhlaitheas dhia na mara Manannán mac Lir é. Samhlaítear é nó le hOileán Mhanainn nó le hEilean Arainn.

De réir an dáin mheánaoisigh Baile Suthain Sith Eamhna, tógadh an dia Lugh in Eamhain Abhlach. I ndán eile den 14ú haois, deirtear go bhfuil Eamhain Abhlach lán d'ealaí agus de chrainn iúir.[1]

Sanasaíocht[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

Ní soiléir é sanasaíocht an fhocail "Emain/Emne" sa chás seo. Is féidir é a chur i gcomórtas le rí-chathair na nUladh, Emain Macha, ach anseo is 'cúpla' é brí le hEmain.[2] Thug Ptolemy "Isamnion" ar an gcathair ina Geografia den 2ú haois AD, a d'aistrigh an Ceiltíoch Heinrich Wagner mar "séard atá ag bogadh go tapaidh dá thoil féin, an sruth", fréamhaithe ón bPrótai-Ind-Eorpais *eis-, "bog go gasta".[3]

Is níos léire é "Ablach", abhlach / úllach, aball / abhaill, ubull / úll, srl.

Tionchar[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

In medieval Arthurian literature, Geoffrey of Monmouth's island paradise Insula Avallonis (Avalon), where the sword Caliburnus (Excalibur) was forged, and where King Arthur was taken to be healed by the sorceress Morgen and her eight sisters after the Battle of Camlann, could have been influenced by Irish legends of Emain Ablach. The medieval Welsh equivalent of Avalon, Ynys Afallach ("Isle of Afallach"), may also be related to – if not derived from – Emain Ablach.

Foinsí[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

  • Bullock-Davies, Constance, "Lanval and Avalon," Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 23, 1969, ll. 128-42.
  • Koch, John (eag.), Celtic Culture: A Historical Encyclopedia, ABC-CLIO, 2006, ll. 146-147, 677, 691, 959, 1244, 1471, 1671.
  • MacNeill, Máire, The festival of Lughnasa Comhair de Bhéaloideas Éireann, University College, 1982, lch. 6.
  • Maier, Bernhard (eag.), Dictionary of Celtic religion and culture, Boydell & Brewer, 1997, ll. 3, 156, 186.
  • Ó hÓgáin, Dáithí, Myth, legend & romance: an encyclopaedia of the Irish folk tradition, Prentice Hall Press, 1991, lch. 247.
  • Skene, William Forbes, Celtic Scotland: a history of ancient Alban, Iml. 3, Edmonston & Douglas, 1880, ll. 410ff.
  • Wagner, Heinrich, "The archaic Dind Ríg poem and related problems", Ériu, Vol. 28, 1977, ll. 1-16.

Tagairtí[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

  1. "Ar an doirseoir ris an deaghlaoch".
  2. 1 emon ar eDIL
  3. Wagner, lch. 13.