Amphiprioninae

Ón Vicipéid, an chiclipéid shaor.
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An gairéadach (Amphiprion ocellaris) neadaithe i mbundún leice (Heteractis magnifica)
Péire gairéadaigh bándearga (Amphiprion perideraion) sa bhaile in a gcuid bundúin.
Gluaiseachtaí snámha an ghairéadaigh
Gairéadach ag snámh

Éiscde chuid n a fofhine  Amphiprioninae ( [[An Ghaeilge|Gaeilge]]:''na  gairéadaigh'') is Amphiprioninae, san fhine Pomacentridae.Tríocha speiceas atá aitheanta: ceann amháin sa ghéineas Premnas, cé go bhfuil na cinn atá fágtha sa ghéineas Amphiprion. San fhiántas, cruthaíonn siad comharaíocht [[Siombóis|shiombóiseach]] le bundúin leice. Ag brath ar speiceas, bíonn dath buí, flannbhuí , nó dath scothdhearg nó scothdhubh, agus go leor barraí bána nó paistí orthu. An t-iasc is mó, is féidir leis bheith 15–16 cm ar fad, cé gur ar éigean gur féidir leis an ceann is lú 7–8 cm a bhaint amach.

Dáileadh agus gnáthóga[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

Tá Amphiprioninae dúchasach ó uiscí teo [[An tAigéan Indiach| an Aigein Indiaigh]] agus an [[an t-Aigéan Ciúin|Aigéin Chiúin]], lena n-áirítear [[an Mhórsceir Bhacainneach]] agus [[an Mhuir Rua]]. Cé go bhfuil dáiltí srianta ag formhór na speiceas, tá cuid eile go forleathan. Maireann na héisc ag bun na farraigí éadomhaine i sceireanna foscacha nó i murlaigh éadomhain. Ní bhfuarthas aon iasc san Atlantach..[1]

Aiste bia[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

Ainmhithe uiliteacha is ea na héisc seo agus is féidir leo bia neamhdhíleáite a ithe ón a n-óstach bundúin leice, agus soláthraíonn an t-ábhar faecach cothaithigh do na bundúin leice.  

Gaoil fhíliginiteacha[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

Ainm eolaíochta Ainm coitianta Clád Teimpléad:R Coimpléasc
Genus Amphiprion:[2]
Amphiprion akallopisos Skunk anemonefish A. akallopisos skunk
A. akindynos Barrier reef anemonefish Australian A. clarkii
A. allardi Allard's anemonefish Indian A. clarkii
A. barberi Barber's anemonefish A. ephippium A. ephippium
A. bicinctus Two-band anemonefish Indian A. clarkii
A. chagosensis Chagos anemonefish Indian A. clarkii
A. chrysogaster Mauritian anemonefish Indian A. clarkii
A. chrysopterus Orange-fin anemonefish monospecific lineage A. clarkii
A. clarkii Clark's anemonefish A. clarkii A. clarkii
A. ephippium Red saddleback anemonefish A. ephippium A. ephippium
A. frenatus Tomato anemonefish A. ephippium A. ephippium
A. fuscocaudatus Seychelles anemonefish Indian [n 1] clarkii
A. latezonatus Wide-band anemonefish monospecific lineage saddleback
A. latifasciatus Madagascar anemonefish Indian A. clarkii
A. leucokranos White-bonnet anemonefish likely hybrid skunk
A. mccullochi Whitesnout anemonefish Australian A. ephippium
A. melanopus Red and black anemonefish A. ephippium A. ephippium
A. nigripes Maldive anemonefish Indian skunk
A. ocellaris False clown anemonefish percula clownfish
A. omanensis Oman anemonefish Indian A. clarkii
A. pacificus Pacific anemonefish A. akallopisos skunk
A. percula Clown anemonefish percula clownfish
A. perideraion Pink skunk anemonefish A. akallopisos skunk
A. polymnus Saddleback anemonefish A. polymnus saddleback
A. rubrocinctus Australian anemonefish A. ephippium A. ephippium
A. sandaracinos Orange anemonefish A. akallopisos skunk
A. sebae Sebae anemonefish A. polymnus saddleback
A. thiellei Thielle's anemonefish likely hybrid skunk
A. tricinctus Three-band anemonefish clarkii clarkii
Genus Premnas:[3]
Premnas biaculeatus Maroon anemonefish percula Maroon

San uisceadán[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

Cuimsíonn Amphiprioninae suas le 43% de thrádáil dhomhanda na n-iasc ornáideach mara, agus tagann 25% den thrádáil dhomhanda ó éisc a tógadh i mbraighdeanas, cé go bhfuil an chuid is mó gafa an fiántas,[4][5] atá freagrach as laghdú dlús i réimsí dúshaothraithe.[6] 

Nótaí[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

  1. Exemplars of A. fuscocaudatus have never been sequenced. The authors hypothetically placed this species in the Indian clade because it is the most parsimonious solution regarding the biogeography of anemonefish species.Teimpléad:R

Tagairtí[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]

  1. Tá ort na shonrú' 'teideal = agus' 'url = nuair a úsáideann {{ lua idirlín}}."".
  2. Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2011). Teimpléad:FishBase genus
  3. Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2011). Teimpléad:FishBase genus
  4. Dhaneesh, K.V. (2013). "Hatchery Production of Marine Ornamental Fishes: An Alternate Livelihood Option for the Island Community at Lakshadweep". Climate Change and Island and Coastal Vulnerability 17: 253–265. Capital Publishing Company. doi:10.1007/978-94-007-6016-5_17. 
  5. Taylor, M. (2003). "From ocean to aquarium: A global trade in marine ornamental species": 1–64. UNEP world conservation and monitoring centre (WCMC). Retrieved on 18 April 2013. 
  6. Shuman, Craig (2005). "Population impacts of collecting sea anemones and anemonefish for the marine aquarium trade in the Philippines". Coral Reefs 24: 564–573. doi:10.1007/s00338-005-0027-z. 

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Naisc sheachtracha[cuir in eagar | athraigh foinse]